2014 Ecuador Program Dates June 29 - July 26

FOOTHILL ECUADOR PROGRAM

Ecuador Application Now Available.
Download PDF or Word format.

Scholarship Applications Now Available.
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Example Course Syllabus from 2012 Program.
Download Syllabus in Word.





Information Sessions: Feb 12 and March 12 at Noon and 6pm, in Room 3101 on Campus

Join us in the Ecuadorian Andes next summer for an excellent archaeology and cultural experience with course work, field trips, and service learning projects.

Discover with us the beauty of Ecuador as we continue our investigation of the landscapes surrounding the Pre-Columbian fortresses of Pambamarca.

Live with us and other project members in the Andes of South America.

Work on all aspects of the research project, including archaeological survey and excavation and community development activities.

Project Directors & Professors

Dr. Samuel V. Connell (Foothill College)
Dr. Chad Gifford (Columbia University)
Dr. Kathryn Maurer (Foothill College)
Dr. Ted Neff (Museum of Northern Arizona)

What will you be doing in Ecuador?

  • You will be living in the majestic Andes of South America at 10,000 feet
  • You will be excavating incredible archaeological sites
  • You will learn about a country by immersing yourself in the culture of a people.
  • You will visit places you won't believe exist.
  • You will be happy you came.

Financial Aid

Financial Aid is available for Enrollment in a Study Abroad Program while attending Foothill College; http://www.foothill.edu/aid/fa_apply.php You would be applying for aid with Unusual Circumstances, please make the aid office aware that you are doing the summer abroad program.

Daily Activities

Days will be spent immersed in the culture of Ecuador both past and present. To learn about the past the student will learn the basic field techniques of archaeology, including excavation, survey and laboratory analysis. Classwork will cover some archaeology methods and theory, as well as South American archaeology. For more details about our research and the past findings, please see the Pambamarca project website http://www.pambamarca.net

Field trips for students will be called Faculty Developed Practica (FDP) designed to foster intercultural knowledge. Students will be required to take part in these trips. For example students will travel to indigenous communities, market towns, ancient archaeological sites and museums.

Service learning projects will be designed by the students as a way to apply your newfound anthropology background to discover real-life solutions to practical community problems. These will be conducted in a dynamic format with students conducting field research to determine a course of action.

Group in Ecuador
We are a short ride to the town of Cayambe, and a little over an hour from Quito on the weekends. Also, the world famous artisans and market of Otavalo are located only an hour to the north. Buses are cheap and direct. For the adventurous, the headwaters of the Amazon River, the majestic Pacific coastline, and even the Galapagos Islands are a short plane trip away. Ecuador is a truly remarkable place, and we are excited to share its wonders with you, and meanwhile to do some really interesting archaeology!

Descriptions of Your Field Experience

The 2014 program will emphasize the links between archaeology and cultural anthropology within an ongoing archaeological research project. You will be learning archaeology field methods and working on ancient archaeological sites, but also be involved in community development work. Throughout your experience we will weave learning opportunities about the community context and how the application of applied anthropology pertains to the modern world.

Description of the Archaeology

The Pambamarca project area contains the largest concentration of pre-Columbian fortresses in the New World. The purpose of our study is to examine the sequence of occupation and activity in and around the Pambamarca forts. Previous years of investigation by our project have shown that there are two types of fortresses, Inka and Cayambe, and that they are arranged along either side of a bitterly contested frontier. There is evidence of warfare everywhere.

Our work in 2014 will continue researching these amazing fortresses and expand our survey in the Andean highlands. Our aim is to document all of the fortresses and find out why so many forts were built in this critical geographic location. In addition, we hope to uncover the differences between the Inka and Cayambe warfare tactics. Finally, we will be trying to understand what made the Cayambe so successful at resisting the Inka when the rest of South America fell so quickly.

Student field work begins at a Spanish era colonial hacienda where we learn field techniques, and quickly move to the other sites for the rest of the field season. Plans in 2013 will include excavations at important Cayambe sites and Inka fortresses. Survey and exploration of ancient road systems will continue into the Amazon basin.

Students are trained in mapping, field excavation, and laboratory analysis. The project also utilizes Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) to detect subsurface features and uses a Geographic Information System (GIS) to analyze data.

Description of the Applied Anthropology

For too long archaeologists have been involving themselves in research without a coherent plan for using anthropology to work with the local peoples in different capacities. This summer we will be working closely with field anthropologists interested in the region. Field trips for students will be called Faculty Developed Practica (FDP) designed to foster intercultural knowledge. Students will be required to take part in these trips and conduct research with your professor. For example students will travel to indigenous communities, market towns, ancient archaeological sites and museums. The primary FDPs will be trips to surrounding communities such as Otavalo and Oyacachi, both important indigenous places.

Service learning projects will be designed by the students as a way to apply your newfound anthropology background to discover real-life solutions to practical community problems. These will be conducted in a dynamic format with students conducting field research to determine a course of action. One example from our summer 2012 program would be to create video for publication that documents the plight of indigenous laborers in the region.

Course Descriptions


All participants must commit to active and positive engagement in all program components. Students will earn a total of 12 units from Foothill College for successful completion of the program. The program consists of registration in a combination of the following Foothill classes for Summer 2014 that total to 12 units:

The field program is broken down into different parts. The field and lab training portions of the program involve all the aspects of archaeology, preparing the student to operate in a field archaeology environment anywhere in the world. Benefiting from the over 50 years combined staff experience in teaching archaeology, each student is instructed in methods of site reconnaissance, surveying, excavation techniques, data recording, photography, and drawing. In the laboratory, students are guided through different aspects of artifact analysis, such as ceramic typology and stone tool production experiments.

A field journal will covering every day in the field will be handed in by the student to the professors. The journal will cover the research being conducted and critically analyze the experience as it is ongoing. We find it is important for our students to reflect upon the daily rhythm of their lives. We will also require one or two blog posts during the trip.

Everyone will carry out Student Independent Pilot Projects (SIPPS). These projects are developed by the students during the field program and the investigation and analysis takes place in the field. A short final paper (5 pages) is due two weeks from the end of the summer quarter. Students are asked to consider a topic for research in the field and then will be asked to formulate a research plan during the 2nd and 3rd weeks which can be carried out on one day during the last week in the field. The data needs to be presented in report form and will serve as a jumping off point for future research in their lives. One of our greatest assets at PAP has been our openness about letting students come up with individual projects.

Food and Lodging

Foothill Program students will be residing in Pambamarca in the small town of Cangahua, which is located in the County of Cayambe on the northeastern limits of the Province of Pichincha (all about one hour north-north-east of Quito). The capital city of this county is also named Cayambe, which you will find on any map of Ecuador (Cangahua, however, doesn't always appear). Cangahua sits in the hills south of the city of Cayambe and it takes about 20 minutes to travel between them by bus. As you will discover, Cangahua itself is wonderful place to live-- small, open and enjoyable.

Participants will stay in a dormitory-styled house located behind the main church in the town of Cangahua. This ‘Casa Comunal’ is a large, two-story building with electricity, running water, showers, a kitchen, a mess hall and plenty of beds. When the project is up and running meals will be prepared for the project by two cooks that are hired from year to year.

If the idea of the dormitory-styled living in Cangahua is uncomfortable, students can elect (for extra cost) to stay in the Hacienda Guachalá. Check it out at www.guachala.com.

All ages are welcome from high school graduates to long ago retired. We believe in letting people go at their own pace. If you are concerned about your abilities to keep up with the group, please don't be worried.

Contact information

Drs. Kathryn Maurer or Samuel Connell
Foothill College Anthropology Department

12345 El Monte Rd.
Los Altos Hills, CA 94022
USA
(650) 949-7197
connellsamuel@foothill.edu
maurerkathryn@foothill.edu


Bibliography

Connell, Gifford et. al, "Hard Times in Ecuador." Antiquity. 77: 295. 2003.

D'Altroy, Terrence, The Incas (The Peoples of America). Blackwell Publishing, 2003.

Newson, Elizabeth, Life and Death in Early Colonial Ecuador. University of Oklahoma Press, 1995.

Cieza de León, Pedro de, The Discovery and Conquest of Peru: Chronicles of the New World Encounter. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 1998.

Athens, J. S., II, "Ethnicity and Adaptation: The Late Period-Cara Occupation in Northern Highland Ecuador." in Resources, Power, and Interregional Interaction, edited by E.M. Schortman and P.A. Urban. 193-219. New York: Plenum Press., 1992.


FAQ
Q. Who Can Apply?
A. Anyone with a high school diploma.

Q. Do I need to be an archaeologist?
A. Certainly not.

Q. Will there financial aid?
A. We are working on this through the Foothill Foundation and Financial Aid at Foothill.

ALL OTHER QUESTIONS CAN BE ANSWERED VIA THE PROJECT WEBSITE

http://www.pambamarca.net

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